One can identify liver damage symptoms immediately because of the evident impact it has on the body. The essential role of the liver in the human body is to digest food while extracting all the toxic substances out of the body. This makes it easy to pin point, when a patient is suffering from any form of liver damage. As the digestive system stops functioning properly.

Liver diseases can be caused due to external factors like viruses, alcohol or through inheritance. Obesity is also a major issue which can lead to liver damage. Long-term damage on the liver can lead of scarring (cirrhosis), a serious life-threatening condition that can result in liver failure. One of the major causes of liver damage in India is due to regular heavy alcohol consumption. A high number of population living in the rural area is addicted to cheap alcohol which often does a prominent amount damage on their liver. Second in line, infected water is another factor which can cause Jaundice that strains the liver disabling it from functioning properly giving it no time to heal.

In this blog, we will brief you about few liver diseases as well as its symptoms, so that you can make amends early on and save your liver before it gets too late.

Types of Liver Diseases

Causes of Liver Diseases

Infection

Viruses and parasites can spread infection in the liver, which can prevent the liver from functioning properly causing inflation. The viruses that are responsible for causing liver damage are spread through contaminated water or food, or blood or semen, or close contact with a patient who is already infected. There are three types of hepatitis viruses that are most common cause of liver infection.

  • Hepatitis A
  • Hepatitis B
  • Hepatitis C

Immune System Abnormality

Any disease with the potential of affecting the immune system in your body (autoimmune) also puts a negative impact on your liver.

  • Autoimmune Hepatitis
  • Primary Biliary Cirrhosis
  • Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis

Genetics

Some liver diseases can also run in your genes. Certain abnormal inherited genes have been known to create substances in the liver that can infect your liver. Some genetic liver diseases are:

  • Hemochromatosis
  • Hyperoxaluria and Oxalosis
  • Wilson ’s disease
  • Alpha-1 Antitrypsin deficiency

Cancer

  • Liver Cancer
  • Bile Duct Cancer
  • Liver Adenoma

Method to diagnose Liver Problems

Liver Biopsy

Liver Biopsy is the diagonal exam that can help in allocating the infection of a human liver. It provides to the severity of the situation, allowing the doctors to get a clear pictures about the patient’s liver damage as well as to monitor the improvement during the treatment.

Procedure

Liver Biopsy is a medical procedure in which a small tissue sample of the patient’s liver is extracted surgically from their body, which is then tested in order to identify the cause of the infections.

Liver Damage Symptoms 

Common symptoms of liver disease might include the following:

  • Jaundice

Recurring jaundice is an indication of unhealthy liver.

  • Abdominal Pain
  • Chronic Fatigue
  • Itchy Skin
  • Tendency to bruise easily
  • Swelling
  • Body pain
  • Weight loss
  • Dark Urine
  • Difficulty in Digestion
  • Continuous Puking
  • Blood loss

Risk Factors that might lead to Liver Diseases

  • Heavy Alcohol Consumption
  • Body Piercings or Tattoos
  • Unprotected Sex
  • Diabetes
  • Obesity
  • Getting exposed to certain types of toxins or chemicals
  • Using second hand injections for drugs
  • Exposure to other people’s body fluids
  • Consumption of infected water

All of the factors mentions represent an unhealthy lifestyle. If you have any of the following habits that you are ticking bomb counting down towards a health disaster.

In order to learn more about different liver diseases and infection conditions in details you can explore Medmonks, which is a one-stop destination to all your medical queries.