Contrary to popular believes men are equally conscious about their appearance as women. With media putting spotlight on fitness and men’s health care, more men feel the need to get a gym subscription. Gynecomastia can be a blow to the male’s masculinity that can make him conscious and insecure on a daily basis.

Gynecomastia is not a fatal medical condition, but it might cause its bearers to feel insecure, creating body image issues that can lead to several psychological disorders.


Gynecomastia is a condition in which the male breast tissue is swollen due to hormonal imbalance. This usually occurs due to the lack of testosterone (male hormones) or abundance of estrogen (female hormone) in the male’s body.

Common factors that can affect these hormones include puberty, medication, ageing and other health conditions.

Symptoms of Gynecomastia

Swelling in Breast Tissue

Tenderness around the chest

Natural Human Changes

Testosterone and estrogen are hormones that control and manage the development of sexual characteristics in a man and a woman. Testosterone is responsible for controlling male traits like body hair and muscle mass. Estrogen regulates the feminine characteristics that also include the development of female breasts.

Gynecomastia in Infants – Majority of male infants have enlarged breasts at the time of their birth due to their mother’s estrogen. The swollen tissue in the breast generally goes away two or more weeks after the birth.

Gynecomastia during Puberty – Most men experience Gynecomastia during puberty when hormone changes cause swelling in their breast tissue, that generally goes away within a few months or two years without any treatment.

Gynecomastia in Men – prevails again at the age of 50 to 69. Approximately 1 out of 4  men in this age group are affected by this condition.

Things that might cause Gynecomastia


  • Anti-androgens used in the treatment of prostate cancer, prostate enlargements like spironolactone, flutamide, and finasteride.
  • Androgens and Anabolic steroids
  • AIDs Medications
  • Anti-anxiety medicines like Valium
  • Antibiotics
  • Chemotherapy
  • Gastric Motility Medications (like metoclopramide)
  • Heart Medications like calcium channel blockers and digoxin

Alcohol & Street Drugs

  • Alcohol
  • Amphetamines
  • Marijuana
  • Heroin
  • Methadone

Health Conditions

Hypogonadism – Conditions that interfere with the production of normal testosterone like pituitary insufficiency or Klinefelter’s syndrome can cause Gynecomastia.

Tumors – Some tumors involving adrenal glands, testes or pituitary gland can alter the production of male-female hormones.

Malnutrition – Insufficient nutrition in the body can cause a drop in the level of testosterone. 


In most cases, Gynecomastia can be treated by basic exercise or medication, that might include consumption of artificial testosterone. Some people might also consider surgical removal of these swollen breast tissues or fats.

Self-care (Healthy Diet & Regular Exercise)

Most teenagers are able to get rid of Gynecomastia naturally. They can make this recovery speedy by indulging in regular exercise for 30 minutes every day while maintaining a healthy diet. 

Gynecomastia Liposuction

Liposuction is a surgical procedure in which the fat is removed from the breast tissue gland. It is the most common procedure used for getting rid of Gynecomastia.

In this procedure, two incisions are made below the breast tissue, which is used for extracting the access fat from the breasts tissue. This procedure is done on general anesthetic and can be conducted on an outpatient basis. 

Other Procedure

Mastectomy – is used for the surgical removal of breast gland tissues. This surgery is conducted endoscopically, using minimally invasive tools, which helps the patients in recovering faster. The cost of Gynecomastia Liposuction is more affordable compared to Mastectomy. Mastectomy is used for treating severe cases of Gynecomastia, in which it keeps recurring.

Gynecomastia Liposuction Cost

The cost of Gynecomastia Liposuction can starts from USD 1,100, depending on the type of the operation. The cost of the procedure might decrease if the patient chooses to get the surgery on an outpatient basis.


Is Gynecomastia reversible?

Gynecomastia is a reversible condition in which the male breast tissues are swollen because of hormonal imbalance.

Is Gynecomastia dangerous?

Gynecomastia is a natural hormonal imbalance, which doesn’t have any risk factors, but it can put a negative impact on the patient, if he becomes insecure about this condition, making him prone anxiety and depression.  

Is Gynecomastia permanent?

Most Gynecomastia conditions are not permanent, but if experienced after the age of 50 the chances of getting rid of it naturally without any treatment become very slim.

Is Gynecomastia Liposuction painful?

Gynecomastia Liposuction is a surgical procedure, which might cause slight pain on the affected area, but it will fade away within two weeks after the surgery.

How much time is required to recover from Gynecomastia Liposuction?

The patient is allowed to walk out of the hospital after a few hours of his surgery, but it might take two to three weeks for the patient to recover from the incisions made during the operation completely.

How can teenagers cope with Gynecomastia?

Get Counselling. Teenagers can seek help from trained psychologists or counsellors to avoid depression or anxiety caused due to Gynecomastia. Join support groups where people are dealing with a similar condition and experiencing the same things.

Explore to learn more about Gynecomastia Liposuction and its treatment cost in India.