Arthritis is a general joint inflammation condition that affects an over 30 million people in the world. Treatment for Arthritis can help with the pain, but it doesn’t have a permanent cure. People of different age group suffer from different types of arthritis, each of which has various causes like infections, wear and tear, or any other underlying disease. Today we are going to discuss some of these types and the treatment procedure to help you learn more about this condition. 

What is Arthritis?

Arthritis is a condition in which the patient experiences inflammation in one or more parts of his/her body, causing stiffness and pain that gets worse with age.

Symptoms of Arthritis

  • Swelling
  • Stiffness
  • Acute joint Pain
  • Reduced motion range

Type of Treatment for Arthritis

There are over 100 different types of arthritis. However, the following are the most common forms that all induce pain in the patient’s body.

  • Osteoarthritis (OA) – is the type of arthritis in which the protective cartilage present in the joint breaks down. This makes the movement in the joints very stiff and painful, as the bones rub directly against each other, causing severe pain.
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) – is a condition in which the body’s immune system attacks the joints and other organs in the body. The immune system of RA patient becomes overactive and starts abnormally attacking the healthy tissues.
  • Psoriatic Arthritis (PsA) – also causes the immune system to attack the body, causing pain and inflammation.
  • Fibromyalgia – is a form of central pain syndrome. In this condition the spinal cord and brain process with pain signals differently. A sensation or movement that isn’t painful for other can be painful for a patient suffering from this condition (this condition is called allodynia).
  • Gout – is inflammatory arthritis which doesn’t cause body-wide inflammation. It causes uric acid crystals, from the excess uric acid present in the body causing hyperuricemia

Causes of Arthritis

Different types of arthritis are caused due to various reasons, but the main reason that induces pain in the joint includes bearing down of cartilage. Cartilage is a flexible connective tissue that is present between the joints. Cartilage protects the joints absorbing the shock and the pressure created by the bones when an individual move or puts pressure on them. Reduced amount of cartilage tissue results in the majority of arthritis problems.   

Type of Treatment for Arthritis

Medication

Pain relievers work wonders in relieving the symptoms of arthritis, however continuous use of painkillers can put pressure on your liver so make sure to consult your doctors before taking these medications. Patients can use the following medicines to relieve the pain:

  • Analgesics (Vicodin, Tylenol)
  • Menthol/ Capsaicin Creams for transmitting pain signals from the joint.
  • Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs) like ibuprofen and salicylates
  • Immunosuppressants (Cortisone/ prednisone)

Physiotherapy

Physical therapy comprising of exercises that can help boost flexibility and strength the muscles can be the core component for curing the affected joints during the treatment.

Surgery

Arthritis pain can be treated permanently by replacing the patient’s joint with an artificial joint. This involves a hip or knee replacement surgery. It is suitable for people who are unable to perform daily tasks due to their recurring joint pain. In case the patient is suffering from severe pain in his/her wrist or fingers, the doctor performs a joint fusion surgery on their hand to reduce the effects of the pain.

FAQs

Is Arthritis painful?

Arthritis causes stiffness and inflammation in the joints that restrict the muscles from moving flexibly. The pain experience in arthritis gradually increases with age making it worse for the patient to complete their daily tasks.

Can arthritis be cured?

There is no permanent cure of arthritis except surgery, which also doesn’t guarantee to relieve the patient pain permanently. However, a few lifestyle changes and physiotherapy can help in reducing the symptoms and improving the quality of the patient’s life.

How is arthritis diagnosed?

Arthritis can be diagnosed through lab tests like blood test, X-Rays, MRI, CT Scan etc.

Conclusion

While there is no substantial cure for arthritis, the treatment of arthritis can significantly help in reducing the symptoms of the condition, allowing people to live an independent life.

Explore Medmonks.com to learn more about arthritis and its treatment options and say goodbye to your joint pay forever.