Pulmonary Artery Banding (PAB)
Pulmonary artery banding (PAB) is a simple surgical technique to reduce pulmonary over-circulation in some congenital heart disease. In the beginning, when the use of cardiopulmonary bypass was affected by many deleterious effects, this technique played a fundamental role in the treatment of patients with congenital heart defects and an intracardiac left-to-right shunt.
The use of PAB has decreased during the last two decades, due to the increasing popularity of early complete intracardiac repair, which results have shown to be superior to staged repair, even in low body weight patients. Moreover, several authors have emphasized the negative effects of PAB such as pulmonary arterial branch distortion, abnormal right ventricular hypertrophy, pulmonary valve insufficiency, sub-aortic obstruction and decreased ventricular compliance in patients with univentricular heart.Get a free Quote