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Orthopedic Surgery in India
Orthopedic Surgery is the field of medicine dealing with the surgical treatment of diseases and disorders pertaining to the musculoskeletal system. The speciality basically deals with acute injuries, congenital and acquired disorders and chronic arthritic conditions of the bones, joints including ligaments, nerves and muscles.
The sub-specialities of Orthopedic surgery in India include adult reconstruction and joint replacement, hand and wrist surgery, shoulder and elbow surgery, surgery of the foot and ankle, orthopedic trauma surgery, spine surgery, musculoskeletal tumor surgery, pediatric orthopedics, and physical medicine and rehabilitation.
The most frequently performed orthopedic surgery in India are:
• knee arthroscopy and meniscectomy,
• shoulder arthroscopy and decompression,
• knee arthroscopy and anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction,
• knee replacement,
• carpal tunnel release,
• knee arthroscopy and chondroplasty,
• removal of support implant,
• repair of a femoral neck fracture,
• repair of the trochanteric fracture, and
• last but not least hip replacement
Role of an Orthopedic Surgeon
An orthopedic surgeon treats many musculoskeletal conditions with and without surgery by using medications, exercise and other rehabilitative or alternative therapies. It’s only when the latter doesn’t work that he/she may also recommend surgical treatment.
Some of the conditions and diseases an orthopedic surgeon treats include:
a) Abnormalities of the fingers and toes
b) Sciatica and scoliosis
c) Growth abnormalities
f) Rheumatoid arthritis
g) Back pain and ruptured disks
h) Bone tumors and cerebral palsy
i) Knock knees and unequal leg length
j) Fractures and dislocations
k) Sports or work-related injuries
l) Tendon injuries, pulled muscles, bursitis and torn cartilage
m) Bunions, Torn ligaments and bow legs
n) Club foot
When patients with any of the above-mentioned problems visit an orthopedic, he/she first undergoes a thorough examination and diagnostic tests, such as blood tests, X-rays or other images. For most of the issues and injuries your doctor may prescribe more than one form of treatment. The orthopedic surgeon looks at the overall health of the patient, the extent of the problem and then decides on the treatment option in consent with the patient.
At the end, the goal is to reduce the pain, improve patient’s movements, and his overall quality of life.
Need for Orthopedic surgery in India
The kind of lifestyle we have all been accustomed to, the Orthopedic ailments and issues often begin with subtle symptoms which we tend to ignore. But, they gradually worsen, so it is definitely very difficult to tell when it’s time to consider surgical intervention. You may qualify for orthopedic surgery in India if:
• You have chronic pain and discomfort in your bones, joints, tendons, ligaments, muscles, or nerves that interfere with your daily life and activities.
• If Physical therapy, medications prescribed by doctors, icing, compression, exercising, rest, or other non-surgical treatments have not helped in sufficiently treated your orthopedic issue.
• Your doctor can prescribe an orthopedic surgery in India either in case of some major fracture or if your x-rays, MRIs, or other diagnostic images reveal that your joints are significantly shifted or your tendons, muscles, or ligaments are torn or at risk of tearing.
To undergo orthopedic surgery in India, you need to be in good general health, with no immune-compromising illnesses. You should also not be smoking or drinking excessively. These habits can interfere with your recovery and raise your risk for complications.
One should always have realistic expectations about the anticipated outcome of any surgical procedure. However, stay assured Orthopedic surgeries have given excellent results to most patients, having said that, of course, there are a set of risks involved. Of course, the only person who can rightly judge if you are eligible for an orthopedic surgery in India is your doctor.
Your doctor will first take a look at the history of your illness or injury followed by a physical examination. You'll then be prescribed certain diagnostic tests such as x-rays or blood tests. After discussing your diagnosis, the orthopedic will help you select the best treatment plan so that you can live a functional and pain-free life.
Not all orthopedic conditions require surgery. Some musculoskeletal issues could be treated even with medication, exercise and other rehabilitative or alternative therapies.
Every doctor suggests non-surgical treatments before recommending an orthopedic surgery in India.
Most musculoskeletal damage and discomfort could be sufficiently managed with any of the following:
• Physiotherapy or muscle strengthening exercises to enhance flexibility and strength
• Anti-inflammatory drugs and medicines
• Use of walking aids such as braces, slings, or crutches temporarily
• Joint fluid therapy, i.e. use of lubricating medicine at the affected joint
• Vitamins and supplements
Using these treatments could cure much of the problem in many cases and also help you avoid the cost, and hassle of surgery. But do make regular visits to your doctor to monitor your condition and improvements.
However, if you do not respond to nonsurgical treatments, it means your problem needs a surgery to be effectively and comprehensively. Various kinds of procedures for orthopedic surgery in India include
• Tissue grafting: Grafting involves using your own bone marrow, skin, or tissue to repair a different area.
• Replacement: This involves artificially replacing a damaged bone or joint
• Arthroscopy: In Arthroscopy, a small computerized camera instrument is used to inspect and diagnose joint issues
• Arthrodesis: This involves fusing two adjacent bones together
• Reduction: In this procedure, shards of bone are taken out after a fracture to allow for better healing
• Resection: Resection is removing some or all of a bone, joint, or area of tissue to relieve pressure and discomfort
• Release incision: In this procedure, an overly tight ligament, tendon, or muscle is incised to alleviate pressure and tension
• Fixation: repositioning damaged bones or joints with the help of pins, screws, or other biocompatible metal instruments inside or outside of the skin
• Limb salvage: excision of infection or tumors in bone tissue to preserve the limb
• Debridement: removal of injured, dead, or diseased cells to allow for remaining tissue to heal
• Aspiration: In this procedure, orthopedist uses a thin needle to remove bone marrow fluid for analysis
• Distraction osteogenesis: a technique utilized to reconstruct and elongate bones
It is safe to say that orthopedic procedures are relatively less risky, but having said that, we should know that no surgery is complete without risk. One is not aware of complications that could arise from orthopedic surgery in India include:
a. Seratoma (fluid accumulation) or hematoma (blood accumulation)
b. Blood clotting
c. Nerve damage or loss of sensation
d. Marks and scars
e. Deformity of the treatment area
f. Tissue death, which can create swelling and discoloration that may need to be surgically removed
g. Unable to get desired results, which may require revisional surgery
h. Developing or worsening arthritis
i. Recurrence of original condition (especially for cancer)
A qualified surgeon can reduce the medical risks of any surgery to a great extent. By carefully following his or her instructions regarding after care and physical exercises, a patient can resume a normal life without any complications really soon. You should also make sure you provide complete medical records to your surgeon so he or she can evaluate your risks before your procedure and take any necessary precautions.
Proper after care and healing are crucial to achieving desired results from orthopedic surgery. Based on the severity of your injury or damage and the techniques used during the surgery, it may take 2-3 months for you to recover fully from the after-effects of the surgical procedure. To speed your healing and minimize your risk for complications, you need to do the following:
• It is very important to have adequate rest after your orthopedic surgery.
• Understand and follow your orthopedic’s post-operative directions.
• Medication should be diligently followed. Take the painkillers, antibiotics, steroids as your surgeon prescribed.
• Start gentle exercise when your body is ready. Rebuilding your joints is important so you can regain your range of motion and get back to daily activities.
• Consult a physical therapist to help rehabilitate the affected joint or limb.
• Use ice to reduce inflammation.
• See your doctor if you notice excessive pus, or redness at your incision site. Pain or recurrent fever could also be a sign of more serious complications that should be treated immediately.
• Don’t do strenuous exercise, or potentially risky activities like jumping or running.
Indian hospitals provide comprehensive, exceptional orthopedic care to every patient. From accurate diagnosis, to tailor-made personalized treatment plan and thorough post-operative follow-up, they work round the clock to ensure their patients have the best possible outcome. Indian surgeons have extensive training, experience and expertise in the treatment of diseases, abnormalities and deformities of the musculoskeletal system.
The best hospitals for orthopedic surgery in India are located in metropolitan cities such as Mumbai, Chennai, Delhi, Kolkata, Hyderabad, Bangalore, and Pune. Other than these metro cities, there are many Orthopedic hospitals in Gurgaon, Nagpur, Kerala, Goa, Jaipur and Chandigarh as well. These clinics provide personalised care with tailor-made services.
Each year, patients from the UK, US, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, East Africa, Middle East, and Nepal come for orthopedic surgery in India. All the major orthopedic procedures in India are pre-planned to meet the demands and convenience of patients coming from abroad.
The orthopedic surgeons of India are recognized nationally and internationally for their surgical prowess and innovative techniques to solve both simple and critical orthopedic problems.
Though Indian orthopedic surgery experts use the latest techniques and technology to improve healthcare for people suffering from musculoskeletal problems, the cost of orthopedic surgery in India is amongst the lowest in the world.
For example, the cost of hip replacement surgery in India starts from USD 5000 which is 1/4th of what it costs in the US. Similarly, the cost of Knee replacement surgery in India varies between USD 3500- 9000 depending upon the type of surgery being performed- partial/ total knee replacement, unilateral/ bilateral knee replacement, minimally invasive knee surgery. On the other hand, the average cost of the knee replacement surgery in the US costs around USD 30,000.
One of the biggest determining factors in the cost of orthopedic surgery is the type of technology used to perform a surgery. Using modern computer-assisted techniques, including GPS and robotic tools can increase the cost of your surgery, but can also result in improved safety and precision. Most of the Indian hospitals employ these tools and techniques for the surgical procedures but still come out cheap in comparison to the western countries.
MedMonks ensures you get the best treatment in hospitals that comply with the international quality standards and are at par with the hospitals in developed countries. All the major orthopedic surgery in India are pre-planned to meet the demands and convenience of patients coming from abroad.
India offers e-visa facilities to countries like United States, United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand, Oman, UAE, middle east countries, East Asian countries, African countries and others so that they can travel easily to India to undergo orthopedic surgery.
As a team, our constant endeavor is to bridge all the gaps as far as language and culture is considered when our customers visit India. Their safety and concerns are our topmost priority.
top Orthopedic Surgeons in India
Dr. Shakti Bhan Khanna
A Senior Consultant at the department of Obstetrics & Gynecology in Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, Dr Shakti Bhan Khanna has over 4 decades of rich professional experience in her fieldView Details