If you’ve struggled with back pain for any length of time, you may be wondering if spine surgery is your only treatment option. Sometimes, surgery is the only treatment. However, there’s good news. The vast majority of back problems can be remedied with non-surgical treatments—often referred to as non-surgical or conservative therapies.
Aging, improper body mechanics, trauma and structural abnormalities can injure your spine, leading to back pain and other symptoms such as leg pain and/or numbness or even leg weakness. Chronic back pain is a condition that generally requires a team of health professionals to diagnose and treat. Before resigning yourself to surgery, consider getting opinions from several spine specialists. This investment of time and information-gathering will help you make an informed treatment decision that will best support your lifestyle and desired level of physical activity.
Treatment for Spine Surgery
1. Foraminotomy- Foraminotomy involves removing the tissues that compress the nerves in the back. During the surgery process, the spine doctors remove the parts of the bone that constricts the nerves in the spinal column. As the stability of the spine is sometimes affected, a procedure called spinal fusion is also done sometimes.
2. Laminectomy- This is one of the most widely recommended types of surgery for spinal problems caused by spondylolisthesis and stenosis by spine surgeons. The surgery involves removing the parts of the bone, to relieve pressure on the spinal nerves. It can make your spine less stable. If that happens, you’ll probably need a spinal fusion. The spine doctors sometimes do the two procedures together.
3. Spinal disc replacement- This is one of the new spine treatment for back pain. Spine doctors remove the damaged spinal disk and insert an artificial one between your vertebrae. Unlike fusion, this lets you continue to move your spine. However, there is a small probability that the new disk could move out of place and need repair.
4. Spine fusion- This spine treatment in India involves joining two vertebrae together to increase the spine stability. In this surgical procedure a bone graft is used to end the movement at a particular painful vertebral joint, which in turn should reduce the pain from the segment. The goal of spine doctors by implementing spine fusion is to stop the pain at a painful motion segment in the lower back.
5. Discectomy- Discectomy is a type of spine surgery that treats the herniated disc in the vertebrae. In a discectomy, the spine surgeons in remove all or part of the disk. He may have to make a cut in your back, or he may be able to do it through a small one. In some cases, discectomy is one of the procedures in a larger surgery that includes spinal fusion, laminectomy, and foraminotomy.
6. Laminotomy: In this procedure, spine surgeons remove a part of the vertebral arch that covers the spinal cord. This surgery removes less bone than a laminectomy.
Spine doctors in adopt different surgical approaches to access the spine during surgery. These are:
• Anterior approach: If the surgeon follows anterior approach to access the spine, it means he approaches the spine from the front through the abdomen.
• Posterior approach: As the name says, the path to the spine is through an incision made in your back.
• Lateral approach: The way to the spine is through the side of your body.
Causes of Spinal Problems
Spine-related causes: Severe back pain is the most potent symptom that something’s not right with your spine. There could be many reasons for this such as:
• Herniated disc: This means soft tissue in the discs between your joints has come out causing pain in the lower back
• Degenerative disc disease: When shock absorbers between your spine’s vertebrae tear down causing bones to rub together.
• Spinal stenosis: Narrowing of spinal canal adds pressure on your spine and nerves making legs and shoulders numb.
• Inflammation of sacroiliac joint: Sacroiliac joint comes between spine and pelvis. This joint is quite crucial as it moves the load of the upper part of your body to the lower body. This joint can undergo wear and tear either because of an injury or some infection.
• Spondylolisthesis: In this condition, a bone in the spine slips out of its place.
• Accidents: Accidents, falls, sprains, and fractures are also causes of back pain.
• Spine fractures: This could be either because of an injury or osteoporosis, a medical condition that leads to weakening of your bones.
• Lifestyle causes: Being overweight; not doing exercise; smoking; wearing high heels; or lifting heavy objects can also trigger back pain
• Diseases: Back pain could be result of medical conditions like arthritis, Osteoarthritis, spondylitis.
• Pregnancy: Too much weight gain during and after pregnancy can also strain your back