Transcatheter aortic valve replcement (TAVR)

Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is a minimally invasive procedure to replace a narrowed aortic valve that fails to open properly (aortic valve stenosis). Transcatheter aortic valve replacement is sometimes called transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI).

TAVR may be an option for people who are considered at intermediate or high risk of complications from surgical aortic valve replacement. TAVR may also be indicated in certain people who can't undergo open-heart surgery. The decision to treat aortic stenosis with TAVR is made after consultation with a multidisciplinary group of medical and surgical heart specialists who together determine the best treatment option for each individual.

TAVR can relieve the signs and symptoms of aortic valve stenosis and may improve survival in people who can't undergo surgery or have a high risk of surgical complications.

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Risks

Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) carries a risk of complications, which may include:

  • Bleeding
  • Blood vessel complications
  • Problems with the replacement valve, such as the valve slipping out of place or leaking
  • Stroke
  • Heart rhythm abnormalities (arrhythmias)
  • Kidney disease
  • Heart attack
  • Infection
  • Death
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How you prepare

You may be given certain instructions to prepare for your transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) procedure. Your treatment team will discuss with you how to prepare for the procedure and what to expect during the procedure. Discuss with your treatment team any questions you may have about the procedure.

You may need to have your hair shaved off at the location of your body where the procedure will take place.

Food and medications

Talk to your doctor about:

  • When you can take your regular medications and whether you can take them before your procedure
  • When you should stop eating or drinking before the procedure

Clothing and personal items

Your treatment team may recommend that you bring several items to the hospital including:

  • A list of your medications
  • Eyeglasses, hearing aids or dentures
  • Personal care items, such as a brush, comb, toothbrush and shaving equipment
  • Loosefitting, comfortable clothing
  • Items that may help you relax, such as portable music players or books

During your procedure, avoid wearing:

  • Jewelry
  • Eyeglasses
  • Contact lenses
  • Dentures
  • Nail polish

Other precautions

Talk to your doctor about:

  • Any medications you have brought to the hospital and when you should take medications on the day of the procedure
  • Allergies or reactions you have had to medications

Source :- https://www.mayoclinic.org/tests-procedures/transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement/about/pac-20384698

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