Myomectomy is a surgical procedure to remove uterine fibroids — also called leiomyomas. These common noncancerous growths appear in the uterus, usually during childbearing years, but they can occur at any age.
The surgeon's goal during myomectomy is to take out symptom-causing fibroids and reconstruct the uterus. Unlike a hysterectomy, which removes your entire uterus, a myomectomy removes only the fibroids and leaves your uterus intact.
Women who undergo myomectomy report improvement in fibroid symptoms, including heavy menstrual bleeding and pelvic pressure.
Myomectomy is a type of surgery used to remove uterine fibroids. Your doctor might recommend this surgery if your fibroids are causing symptoms such as:
- pelvic pain
- heavy periods
- irregular bleeding
- frequent urination
A myomectomy can be done one of three ways:
- Abdominal myomectomy lets your surgeon removes your fibroids through an open surgical cut in your lower belly.
- Laparoscopic myomectomy allows your surgeon to remove your fibroids through several small incisions. This may be done robotically. It’s less invasive and recovery is faster than with abdominal myomectomy.
- Hysteroscopic myomectomy requires your surgeon to use a special scope to remove your fibroids through your vagina and cervix.