Cancer refers to cells that grow enormously and attack other tissues. Popularly known as malignant or tumor cells, these abnormal cells infiltrate normal body tissues.
Due to the uncontrolled growth and division of the abnormal cells, a mass forms. Quite often, these cancer cells can break away from this mass of cells and lodge in the other parts of the body by traversing through the blood and lymph systems.
This may cause an uncontrolled growth cycle to begin away from the site of origin, spreading throughout the body and spreading uncontrollably leading eventually to individual's death.
This process, wherein the abnormality develops leading to a malignant growth (secondary) at a distance from a primary site of cancer, is called as metastasis.
Treatment options are advised to patients, on the basis of the type and stage of cancer. in some cases, diagnosis and treatment occur on a parallel basis. On the other hand, there are many cases, wherein, the patients are put under a unique sequenced treatment or protocol. A majority of these involves, surgery, immunotherapy, targeted therapy, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or combination treatments.
Apart from these, palliative therapy, such as pain medications and anti-nausea medications, are utilized by doctors with the intent to treat the cancer and improve the quality of life of the terminally ill cancer patient.
Research claims that cancer can be cured (or the extent of damage can be minimized) by including broccoli, grapes, ginseng, soybeans, green tea, aloe Vera, and lycopene in the daily diet. Further, treatments like acupuncture, vitamins, and dietary supplements have brought significant improvements in patients with cancer.
To battle cancer, patients are strongly recommended to follow a strict schedule (balanced diet and exercise) while continuing the formal course of treatments.
Word of Caution: Prior to opting for these alternative plans, make sure to contact a physician or a cancer specialist.
Symptoms of cancer vary according to the type of cancer;
- Excessive tiredness
- Sudden weight loss
- Change in the skin color
- Alteration in bowel or bladder function,
- Chronic cough
- Unusual bleeding.
Cancer can take decades to develop. That's why most people diagnosed with cancer are 65 or older. While it's more common in older adults, cancer isn't exclusively an adult disease — cancer can be diagnosed at any age.
Certain lifestyle choices are known to increase your risk of cancer. Smoking, drinking more than one alcoholic drink a day (for women of all ages and men older than age 65) or two drinks a day (for men age 65 and younger), excessive exposure to the sun or frequent blistering sunburns, being obese, and having unsafe sex can contribute to cancer.
Your family history
Only a small portion of cancers are due to an inherited condition. If cancer is common in your family, it's possible that mutations are being passed from one generation to the next. You might be a candidate for genetic testing to see whether you have inherited mutations that might increase your risk of certain cancers. Keep in mind that having an inherited genetic mutation doesn't necessarily mean you'll get cancer.
Your health conditions
Some chronic health conditions, such as ulcerative colitis, can markedly increase your risk of developing certain cancers. Talk to your doctor about your risk.
The environment around you may contain harmful chemicals that can increase your risk of cancer. Even if you don't smoke, you might inhale secondhand smoke if you go where people are smoking or if you live with someone who smokes. Chemicals in your home or workplace, such as asbestos and benzene, also are associated with an increased risk of cancer.